This is a form of depth psychology, the primary focus of which is to reveal the unconscious content of a client's psyche in an effort to alleviate psychic tension. Although it has its roots in psychoanalysis, the psychodynamic approach tends to be briefer and less intensive than traditional psychoanalysis. In both however, the therapeutic relationship is regarded as a central vehicle that brings to light unconscious complexities and issues concerning self and others.
Transpersonal means beyond or through the persona. It is a perspective that sees people through and beyond the limitation of the everyday ‘I’ or personality identification, by acknowledging the notion of an essential self which lies at the heart of our humanity.
The idea is that within this essential self is contained the elixir of life, i.e. the vitality, the wisdom and knowledge required to realize our full human potential. Thus it refers to a deeper, spiritual dimension of the human soul in addition to our everyday ego-centered personalities. As a holistic form of therapy, it integrates the rational with the non-rational, masculine and feminine energies, the conscious with the unconscious, the ego with the soul. It marries Western and Eastern philosophies and spiritual traditions with modern western psychology.